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'1/18/2023 4:20:33 AM'

Scientists re-writes an equation in FDA guidance to improve the accuracy of the drug interaction prediction

A team of mathematicians and pharmaceutical scientists collaborated to identify the major cause of the low accuracy of the equation in the FDA guidance used to predict drug-drug interaction through an enzyme (cytochrome P450, CYP) induction mediat...

'1/13/2023 6:27:33 AM'

Support from others in stressful times can ease impact of genetic depression risk, study suggests

Reaching out to support a person when they're under stress is always a good idea. But a new study suggests that support could be especially important for someone whose genetic makeup makes them more likely to develop depression. The study shows th...

'1/12/2023 4:09:33 AM'

Falling birth rate in US not due to less desire to have children

While some people are concerned about America's falling birth rate, a new study suggests young people don't need to be convinced to have more children. In fact, young Americans haven't changed the number of children they intend to have in decades.

'1/10/2023 5:34:53 AM'

What if sodium in packaged foods was reduced for an entire continent?

Reformulating packaged foods available in Australia to contain less sodium may save about 1,700 lives per year, according to a new study. Using the World Health Organization's (WHO) recommendations for reducing the population's sodium intake, the ...

'1/5/2023 5:43:31 AM'

Why technology alone can't solve the digital divide

For some communities, the digital divide remains even after they have access to computers and fast internet, new research shows. A study of the Bhutanese refugee community in Columbus found that even though more than 95% of the population had acce...

'1/4/2023 10:42:45 AM'

Climate risk insurance can effectively mitigate economic losses

Global warming is expected to lead to an accumulation of particularly intense hurricanes in the United States. This may substantially increase the economic losses caused by these storms. Better insurance could effectively mitigate the climate chan...

'1/2/2023 6:45:36 AM'

COVID-19 vaccines, prior infection reduce transmission of Omicron

Vaccination and boosting, especially when recent, helped to limit the spread of COVID-19 in California prisons during the first Omicron wave, according to an analysis that examined transmission between people living in the same cell.

'12/22/2022 7:30:47 AM'

In some U.S. zip codes, young men face more risk of firearm death than those deployed in recent wars, study finds

A new study puts the risk of firearm-related death in perspective and calls attention to the urgent need for violence reduction interventions in the United States.

'12/20/2022 6:30:05 AM'

Heat and cold as health hazards

Both hot and cold environments trigger a stress response in the human body and can lead to cardiovascular problems. Physiologists have recently investigated both factors in scientific studies. The results are especially interesting in light of the...

'12/15/2022 7:07:50 AM'

Relatively few hospital NICUs screen for social determinants of health, study finds

In what is believed to be the first study to examine the prevalence of standardized social determinants of health (SDH) screening and referral among a nationally representative sample of level 2 to 4 neonatal NICUs in the U.S., researchers found o...

'12/15/2022 5:46:59 AM'

Detrimental secondary health effects after disasters and pandemics

A study has shown that the prevalence of non-communicable diseases, which included hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, and mental disorders, increased after the Fukushima disaster and the COVID-19 outbreak. These findings emphasize the importa...

'12/14/2022 1:07:20 PM'

U.S. firearm death trends revealed over four decades

A new analysis of firearm death rates from 1981 to 2020 shows that the people most heavily impacted by firearm deaths were Black men and white men, and that rates of firearm-related homicides and suicides jumped between 2019 and 2020.

'12/13/2022 1:07:17 PM'

Racism takes its toll on brain and body

Structural racism has not only psychosocial but also biological consequences. Discrimination has been shown to contribute to mental and physical disorders including obesity, depression, and addiction, but the biological pathways from a social expe...

'12/13/2022 7:12:00 AM'

Dietary education leads to healthier lives, study finds

Initial data from a clinical research study aimed at increasing diet quality and decreasing cardiovascular risk shows positive results. The study, called Supermarket and Web-Based Intervention Targeting Nutrition (SuperWIN), was a randomized, cont...

'12/12/2022 9:06:58 AM'

Uptick in prevalence of simultaneous cannabis and alcohol use in the U.S. after states legalize recreational cannabis use

Simultaneous cannabis and alcohol use, defined as using both substances at the same time so their effects overlap, increased in adults from 2008 to 2019, according to new research. Shifts in cannabis legislation have raised questions about uninten...

'12/6/2022 3:31:26 AM'

Decrease in Japanese children's ability to balance during movement related to COVID-19 activity restrictions

Sedentary behavior caused by measures to prevent the spread of COVID-19 decreased Japanese children's ability to balance.

'12/5/2022 7:15:56 AM'

Financial incentives boost weight-loss programs, study finds

Paying cash to people with obesity for losing a specific amount of weight or completing weight-reducing activities works better than offering stand-alone free tools, such as weight-loss programs, diet books, and wearable fitness trackers, a new st...

'12/2/2022 7:48:30 AM'

Pregnant moms' stress may accelerate cell aging of white, not Black, kids, study finds

Does stress during pregnancy impact children's cell aging, and does race matter? The answer is yes, according to a new study.

'12/1/2022 9:19:16 AM'

Managers exhibiting bias based on race, gender, disability and sexual orientation

A study that examined bias in the workplace has found that those in management positions demonstrate explicit and implicit bias toward others from marginalized groups and often express more implicit bias than people who are not in management.

'11/30/2022 6:45:39 AM'

Tropical cyclones on the rise in low- and middle- income countries yet remain least studied of climate-related events

A new article illustrates the increases in adverse public health outcomes following tropical cyclones, especially in communities with existing health conditions. The paper explains that the focus should be on low- and middle-income countries (LMIC...

'11/29/2022 8:44:10 AM'

New study finds deaths from firearms are reaching unprecedented levels

Firearm-related violence and suicides have been on the rise since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, but a new study shows both the sheer magnitude of firearm fatalities in the U.S. over the past 32 years and the growing disparities by race/ethni...

'11/29/2022 6:28:45 AM'

Pregnant women's cannabis usage in legalized U.S. states raises calls for screening

Pregnant women living in U.S. states where cannabis is legal must be screened for the drug, for the health of both mother and baby, claim scientists who in a new national study have found that they are far more likely to use the substance.

'11/28/2022 3:17:37 PM'

Young people make up greater proportion of COVID-19 deaths in 2021 compared to 2020

Since March 2020, COVID-19-related deaths claimed over a million lives in the U.S. alone. In the pandemic's early phases, most deaths were among older adults, but in 2021, deaths in younger persons increased while deaths in older persons decreased...

'11/28/2022 11:21:39 AM'

COVID lockdown did not lead to a rush on opioid prescriptions, New York study finds

While some feared that New Yorkers would re-fill prescriptions to stockpile opioid medications in the early weeks of the COVID-19 lockdown, New York State opioid prescriptions declined in the period around the March 20, 2020 'PAUSE' order, accordi...

'11/28/2022 6:29:53 AM'

Organ donations, transplants increase on days of largest motorcycle rallies, study shows

An analysis shows steep increases in organ donations and transplantations during large motorcycle rallies. The increase appears to be driven by well-documented increases in crash-related deaths during large motorcycle rallies. Researchers say that...

'11/28/2022 5:12:08 AM'

Legalization of recreational cannabis linked with increased alcohol drinking, study finds

States that legalized recreational cannabis saw a slight population-level uptick in alcohol consumption that was largely driven by young adults and men, according to new research.

'11/23/2022 2:34:12 PM'

Most people with long COVID face stigma and discrimination, UK study finds

The majority of people living with long COVID experience some form of stigma directly related to their condition, according to a new study in the United Kingdom.

'11/23/2022 6:42:01 AM'

Pandemic fatigue fueled political mistrust and conspiracy beliefs across Europe and the United States, study finds

In a new study, researchers find a significant societal impact of the pandemic beyond the domain of health and raise concerns about the ability of democratic societies to cope with future crises such as the climate crisis.

'11/23/2022 6:33:00 AM'

What was the true human cost of the pandemic in Russia?

A new study assesses the number of lives lost to the COVID-19 pandemic in Russia and introduces a novel methodology that will help to get a clearer view of pandemics in the future.

'11/22/2022 6:13:54 AM'

The interplay between epidemics, prevention information, and mass media

A new model shows how sharing disease through physical contact and dissemination of information through social networks affect how outbreaks spread.

'11/17/2022 8:56:03 AM'

Air pollution high at US public schools with kids from marginalized groups

Race- and ethnicity-based discrepancies in exposure to air pollution, especially regarding proximity to roadways and industrial zones, are well-established. A new study reports the first nationwide patterns in atmospheric fine particulate pollutio...

'11/17/2022 8:55:22 AM'

Deprivation in childhood linked to impulsive behavior in adulthood

Researchers found a link between deprivation in childhood and impulsive behavior -- leading to addictions later in life. The findings, which are a culmination of six years of research, also found a further link between impulsivity, obesity and the...

'11/17/2022 5:28:55 AM'

Second year of pandemic deadlier for middle aged than the first, analysis finds

The first two years of the COVID-19 pandemic saw an increase in mortality rates, both from COVID-19 and other causes, but the groups hardest hit shifted between the first and second years, according to an analysis of publicly available data. Both ...

'11/17/2022 5:28:47 AM'

Unsecured handguns account for the majority of firearm suicide deaths in the United States, study finds

A new study details individuals most likely to use different types of firearms in their deaths, how firearms are stored and where victims inflicted injuries upon themselves.

'11/16/2022 10:06:45 AM'

Got the sniffles? Here's how to make the right decision around family gatherings

A new study of 13,000 people from seven countries find that when people take a moment to reflect on the consequences of their actions, they err on the side of reducing others' health risks.

'11/16/2022 6:28:34 AM'

'New frontier' in tackling global poverty

In a real-world test of a new tool to better evaluate anti-poverty policies, a new study shows the economic benefits of expanding electricity access.

'11/16/2022 3:59:59 AM'

Significant decline in sperm counts globally, including Latin America, Asia and Africa, follow-up study shows

Data from 53 countries shows that men in those regions share the significant decline in total sperm counts (TSC) and sperm concentration (SC) seen previously in North America, Europe and Australia. Furthermore, this study shows an accelerated post...

'11/15/2022 6:40:15 AM'

Financial strain due to COVID-19 pandemic took significant toll on adolescent mental health, researchers find

Financial stress due to the COVID-19 pandemic took a distinct toll on adolescent mental health and contributed to depressive symptoms, according to new research. The study found the effect was most pronounced in low-income adolescents but also aff...

'11/14/2022 4:53:51 AM'

Target COVID-19 catch-up interventions for TB to vulnerable groups, advise scientists

Vulnerable populations in 45 high-burden countries worldwide must be prioritised in efforts to reduce the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on tuberculosis (TB) care, according to new research.

'11/13/2022 2:11:48 PM'

Decades-long push to lower stillbirth rate in the US has stalled

A decades-long effort to lower the stillbirth rate in the United States has stalled, as has progress in closing a persistent gap in excess stillbirths experienced by Black women compared with White women, according to a new study.

'11/13/2022 2:11:45 PM'

Lack of computer access linked to poorer mental health in young people during COVID-19 pandemic

Researchers have highlighted how lack of access to a computer was linked to poorer mental health among young people and adolescents during COVID-19 lockdowns.

'11/10/2022 3:53:58 PM'

Maintaining masking requirements at Boston Public Schools protected students, staff, study finds

The lifting of masking requirements in school districts outside of Boston in February 2022 was associated with an additional 44.9 COVID-19 cases per 1,000 students and staff in the 15 weeks after the statewide masking policy was rescinded, accordi...

'11/10/2022 3:53:06 PM'

Heat or eat? Prepayment users consume less fruit and vegetables, study finds

People using prepayment energy meters consume up to three fewer portions of fruit and vegetables per week compared to those using alternative payment methods, according to new research. The study explores the role of prepayment meters in the 'heat...

'11/10/2022 9:40:31 AM'

Research points to positive mental health outcomes for young people who have attended university

University attendance appears to produce better mental health outcomes for young people, according to new research. The study also suggests that a university environment has a positive influence on professional outcomes for those with a history of...

'11/10/2022 9:40:19 AM'

Multiple stressors contributed to physician burnout during first wave of COVID-19 in the U.S.

Front-line physicians who cared for COVID-19 patients during the first wave of the pandemic in New York City and New Orleans reported multiple factors that contributed to their occupational stress during this extraordinarily trying time in their c...

'11/10/2022 9:40:11 AM'

Global COVID-19 infection rates may be higher than previously reported

Serosurveillance provides estimates of antibody levels against infectious diseases and is considered the gold standard for measuring population immunity due to past infection or vaccination. A study suggests that based on seroprevalence, global CO...

'11/9/2022 11:16:49 AM'

Using SNAP benefits can help your memory, study finds

Eligible older adults who participate in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) in the United States may have slower memory decline than eligible people who do not participate, according to a new study. Researchers found that those w...

'11/9/2022 10:19:52 AM'

Study analyzing often-overlooked racial/ethnic groups provides a new understanding of pain disparities in the U.S.

Racial and ethnic disparities in pain prevalence in the U.S. are far larger than previously realized, according to the results of a new study.

'11/9/2022 7:44:08 AM'

Trust in experts, media literacy connected to COVID-19 vaccine intention

An early pandemic survey found that respondents' intentions to receive COVID-19 vaccines were linked more to their media literacy and opinion of health experts than knowledge of the virus or previous vaccination behavior. In the study, researchers...

'11/9/2022 7:43:32 AM'

COVID-19 'test to treat' sites less accessible to many marginalized communities

A new study finds that COVID-19 'Test to Treat' sites -- clinical centers launched based on a federal initiative to provide free testing, diagnosis, and immediate access to COVID-19 antiviral treatment with Paxlovid -- may not be accessible to tho...

'11/8/2022 11:39:27 AM'

COVID testing programs may increase risky behavior, research suggests

Based on a false sense of security, students who participated in frequent COVID-19 testing at two universities engaged in more behavior known to increase the risk of spreading the virus than they might have otherwise, according to results of surve...

'11/8/2022 11:08:17 AM'

Childhood traumas strongly impact both mental and physical health

Most Americans report experiencing at least one traumatic event in childhood, and a new study shows that these experiences have significant impacts on our health risks as adults. Physical illnesses such as obesity and chronic pain are affected, bu...

'11/8/2022 9:29:13 AM'

No evidence that physical activity calorie-equivalent labelling changes food purchasing

An experiment carried out across ten workplace cafeterias found no significant change in the overall number of calories purchased when food and drink labels showed the amount of physical activity required to burn off their calories.

'11/7/2022 6:44:52 AM'

Learning science in a hurry

With the onset of the coronavirus pandemic, people were plunged into a situation that required them to acquire information about an emerging scientific issue to assess the adequacy of government actions and programs of significant personal import ...

'11/7/2022 3:33:02 AM'

Vaccine confidence declined considerably during COVID-19 pandemic, study reveals

Researchers comparing pre and post-pandemic surveys have found confidence in vaccinations is considerably lower post pandemic among all demographic groups.

'11/4/2022 9:45:44 AM'

Extreme temperatures take deadly toll on people in Texas prisons, study finds

A research team found higher death rates among people in prisons without air conditioning compared to those in climate-controlled institutions.

'11/3/2022 10:08:20 AM'

How to end COVID-19 as a public health threat

A new global COVID-19 study provides actionable recommendations to end the public health threat without exacerbating socio-economic burdens or putting the most vulnerable at greater risk.

'11/3/2022 6:50:29 AM'

Gardening eased lockdown loneliness as pandemic paralyzed Britain

Therapeutic community gardening helped reduce loneliness as the pandemic paralyzed the United Kingdom, research has revealed.  As people sowed, planted and tended to vegetables and flowers, their self-reported life satisfaction and mental well-bei...

'11/2/2022 9:56:41 AM'

Many middle-aged adults wary of taking part in studies of dementia prevention drugs

Drug companies and university-based teams are working urgently to find and test new medications that could prevent or slow the decline of brain function in older adults. But a new study suggests they'll need to work harder to find volunteers for t...

'11/2/2022 8:36:11 AM'

Sensitivity to musical rhythm supports social development in infants

Engaging infants with a song provides a ready-made means for supporting social development and interaction, according to a new study.