'9/19/2023 11:48:49 AM'

How to keep people out of the emergency room

New research shows helping immigrants schedule primary-care appointments lowers their number of emergency-room visits.

'9/13/2023 8:27:31 AM'

Socioeconomic status may be an uneven predictor of heart health

The benefits of four measures of socioeconomic status (education, income, employment status and health insurance) on ideal heart health were greater for non-Hispanic white adults compared to Black, Hispanic and Asian adults in the U.S.

'9/12/2023 12:56:56 PM'

Study reveals reductions in breast cancer screening uptake during COVID-19 pandemic

A review of COVID-19 studies globally has revealed reductions in breast cancer screening participation during 2020, with differences between geographic regions and healthcare settings.

'9/7/2023 9:03:07 AM'

'Monstrous births' and the making of race in the nineteenth-century United States

From the Middle Ages to the Enlightenment, 'monstrous births' -- malformed or anomalous fetuses -- were, to Western medicine, an object of superstition. In 19th-century America, they became instead an object of the 'modern scientific study of mons...

'9/5/2023 8:48:53 AM'

Racial and socioeconomic differences still determine survival rates of premature babies in the US

The US continues to face stark inequalities in preterm birth and mortality rates between mothers of differing socioeconomic status and race, finds a new report.

'9/1/2023 8:40:45 AM'

Air pollution has decreased across the US, but new research finds health burdens remain unequal among racial groups

Health benefits that have resulted from reductions in fine particulate air pollution aren't distributed equally among populations in the U.S., a new Yale-led study finds. Racial and ethnic minorities -- and Black people in particular -- still expe...

'8/31/2023 10:28:09 AM'

Nearly half of dog owners are hesitant to vaccinate their pets

A new study found that more than half of people who own dogs expressed some level of canine vaccine hesitancy -- i.e. skepticism about vaccinating their pets against rabies and other diseases. An estimated 45 percent of US households own a dog; ac...

'8/31/2023 8:17:49 AM'

Acting fast when an epidemic hits

Researchers have developed a method for forecasting the short-term progression of an epidemic using extremely limited amounts of data.

'8/30/2023 3:59:37 PM'

Kindergarten conduct problems could cost society later, researchers find

A new economic analysis has linked, for the first time, conduct problems among kindergarten students with significant costs to society in terms of crime and associated medical expenses and lost productivity when they are adults.

'8/30/2023 11:18:09 AM'

Pedal power pays off: Mountain biking benefits outweigh risks, research finds

New research into injuries sustained by trail users has found mountain biking is not the dangerous, injury-plagued sport reserved for thrill-seekers that it is often perceived to be and that the health benefits outweigh the risks.

'8/30/2023 9:19:35 AM'

Parental incarceration increases cardiovascular risk in young adults, study suggests

New research suggests parental incarceration elevates cardiovascular risk in early adulthood, potentially contributing to larger health disparities.

'8/30/2023 9:17:47 AM'

New research establishes enduring connection between racial segregation, childhood blood lead levels

Living in a racially segregated neighborhood puts Black children at a higher risk of having elevated blood lead levels, and this association has persisted over more than two decades, according to new research.

'8/23/2023 3:29:42 PM'

Heavy drinking, handgun-carrying linked among rural youth

Alcohol use and subsequent handgun carrying were positively associated during adolescence and young adulthood among individuals who grew up in rural areas, similar to findings in urban areas. Reducing alcohol use may be an important strategy to pr...

'8/22/2023 7:16:53 AM'

Grow-your-own households eat more fruit and vegetables and waste less

Household fruit and vegetable production, in allotments and gardens, could be key to a healthy and food-secure population, a new study has found.

'8/21/2023 7:44:09 AM'

Natural language processing to extract social risk factors influencing health

A new study has found that a natural language processing (NLP) system showed excellent performance when ported to a new health system and tested on more than six million clinical notes of patients seen in Florida. Performance was evaluated for gen...

'8/15/2023 11:11:26 AM'

Extreme heat may hasten cognitive decline in vulnerable populations

A new study finds that ongoing extreme heat can worsen cognitive decline among vulnerable groups -- particularly Black older adults and those living in poor neighborhoods.

'8/14/2023 1:45:19 PM'

A new way to evaluate the impact of medical research

A new study suggests that the 'impact factor' used to evaluate scientific journals and research papers does not accurately capture the impact of medical papers on health outcomes for all patients, particularly those in low or middle-income countri...

'8/11/2023 10:38:29 AM'

Infant formula safety checks can be improved with stratified sampling

Producers of infant formula employ comprehensive food safety systems, including product testing to ensure those systems are working. A new study finds that some testing methods are more powerful at catching contaminants than others.

'8/8/2023 11:12:52 AM'

Wearables will transform health, but change brings challenges say researchers

Wearable technology presents immense opportunities to improve the way we live our lives, but a group of international researchers say the rapidly developing field also brings big challenges.

'8/4/2023 8:36:59 AM'

Researchers propose a data-driven strategy to stratify risk of progression from mild cognitive impairment to Alzheimer's disease

The projected cost of caring for millions of individuals who have Alzheimer's disease (AD) worldwide will exceed a $1 trillion in a few years. In addition to the enormous health burden, patients and their caregivers experience financial, physical ...

'8/1/2023 11:28:56 AM'

Early-life lead exposure linked to higher risk of criminal behavior in adulthood, researchers find

An evaluation of 17 previously published studies suggests that exposure to lead in the womb or in childhood is associated with an increased risk of engaging in criminal behavior in adulthood -- but more evidence is needed to strengthen understandi...

'8/1/2023 6:50:11 AM'

A natural experiment provides evidence of link between air pollution and childhood obesity

Moving to more polluted areas was associated with an increase in body mass index, according to an analysis of more than 46,000 children and adolescents living in Catalonia.

'7/24/2023 8:27:11 AM'

Link found between childhood television watching and adulthood metabolic syndrome

A new study has added weight to the evidence that watching too much television as a child can lead to poor health in adulthood. The research found that children who watched more television were more likely to develop metabolic syndrome as an adult.

'7/20/2023 8:46:04 AM'

Ultra-processed foods largely missing from US food policy

A new study finds that only a small number of U.S. policies consider ultra-processed foods, lagging behind countries such as Belgium, Brazil, and Israel.

'7/17/2023 2:00:10 PM'

Report highlights public health impact of serious harms from diagnostic error in US

Improving diagnosis in health care is a moral, professional and public health imperative, according to the U.S. National Academy of Medicine. However, little is known about the full scope of harms related to medical misdiagnosis -- current estimat...

'7/17/2023 10:32:16 AM'

The missing Americans: Unprecedented US mortality far exceeds other wealthy nations

A new study found that more than one million US deaths per year -- including many young and working-age adults -- could be avoided if the US had mortality rates similar to its peer nations. In 2021, 1.1 million deaths would have been averted in th...

'7/12/2023 8:47:25 AM'

Gulf War illness caused by mitochondrial dysfunction, not inflammation

Scientists contest longstanding hypothesis about mysterious illness affecting Gulf War veterans, providing first direct evidence that symptoms are driven by impaired mitochondria.

'7/4/2023 7:09:13 AM'

Global efforts to reduce infectious diseases must extend beyond early childhood

Global efforts to reduce infectious disease rates must have a greater focus on older children and adolescents after a shift in disease burden onto this demographic, according to a new study.

'7/3/2023 9:31:00 AM'

Maternal mortality in the U.S. more than doubled between 1999 and 2019

A new study has found that maternal mortality rates have worsened from 1999 to 2019, hitting some racial and ethnic groups and states harder than others. The study found rates highest for Black populations and the largest increase was seen in Amer...

'7/3/2023 9:30:29 AM'

Dangerous chatbots: AI chatbots to be approved as medical devices?

LLM-based generative chat tools, such as ChatGPT or Google's MedPaLM have great medical potential, but there are inherent risks associated with their unregulated use in healthcare. A new article addresses one of the most pressing international iss...

'6/29/2023 3:33:01 PM'

Energy insecurity is an underappreciated social and environmental determinant of health

In light of climate change and the impending transition to clean energy, many long-standing programs to address energy insecurity need to be refreshed. A new paper provides growing documentation of the connections between energy insecurity and poo...

'6/28/2023 3:49:41 PM'

Opioids no more effective than placebo for acute back and neck pain

Opioid pain-relieving medicines are not more effective than a placebo in relieving acute back and neck pain and may even cause harm, according to a recent trial.

'6/27/2023 10:19:42 AM'

Freely available risk model for hurricanes, tropical cyclones

As human-driven climate change amplifies natural disasters, hurricanes and typhoons stand to increase in intensity. Until now, there existed very few freely available computer models designed to estimate the economic costs of such events, but a te...

'6/27/2023 8:30:30 AM'

Body's immune response may offer alternative approach to neuropathic pain therapies

In the midst of a global opioid epidemic, a team of scientists is exploring natural killer (NK) cells as an alternative treatment for neuropathic pain. Researchers gather existing evidence for the impact of NK cells in pain, pointing to their abil...

'6/21/2023 12:48:03 PM'

RSV is a serious heath threat, but the public knows little about it

A new survey finds that the American public is ill-informed about RSV, unfamiliar with its most common symptoms, and more hesitant to recommend a vaccine against it to pregnant people than to older adults.

'6/20/2023 7:37:45 AM'

Walkable neighborhoods help adults socialize, increase community

Adults who live in walkable neighborhoods are more likely to socialize and have a stronger sense of community, report researchers.

'6/5/2023 2:12:44 PM'

Global response to antimicrobial resistance 'insufficient'

Governments around the world must do more to tackle the growing threat of drug-resistant infections, according to new research. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) occurs when bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites stop responding to medicines designed...

'5/25/2023 10:14:03 AM'

Words matter: How researchers can avoid stigmatizing language

New research offers insights into how researchers can use their platforms to help end the use of stigmatizing language.

'5/11/2023 12:45:53 PM'

Better than humans: Artificial intelligence in intensive care units

With the help of extensive data from intensive care units of various hospitals, an artificial intelligence was developed that provides suggestions for the treatment of people who require intensive care due to sepsis. Analyses show that artificial ...

'4/25/2023 7:11:40 AM'

Global research reveals countries where record-breaking heatwaves are likely to cause most harm

A new study has highlighted under-prepared regions across the world most at risk of the devastating effects of scorching temperatures.

'4/19/2023 8:50:54 AM'

Why this bird flu is different: Scientists say new avian influenza requires urgent coordinated response

A new study tracks arrival and spread of highly pathogenic Avian Influenza (H5N1) decimating wild birds, impacting poultry and pushing up egg prices. The team found that the deadly impact on wild birds and a shift from seasonal to year-round infec...

'4/7/2023 5:42:43 AM'

Internet access must become human right or we risk ever-widening inequality

People around the globe are so dependent on the internet to exercise socio-economic human rights such as education, healthcare, work, and housing that online access must now be considered a basic human right, a new study reveals.

'3/30/2023 1:21:37 PM'

Study finds excess harm from commonly overprescribed antibiotics for patients resulting in widespread side effects

A new study finds that overprescribing and inappropriate prescribing of antibiotics is not only leading to antibiotic resistance, but also causing significant patient harm. It's one of the most comprehensive studies to document the impact of antib...

'3/30/2023 6:23:29 AM'

Drug overdose fatalities among U.S. older adults has quadrupled over 20 years, research finds

Overdose mortality among people age 65 and older quadrupled over 20 years, suggesting the need for greater mental health and substance use disorder policies addressed at curbing the trend.

'3/30/2023 6:22:26 AM'

Excess death gap widens between U.S. and Europe, study finds

A new analysis shows that, compared to similarly high-income European countries, the United States continues to have substantially higher death rates at all but the oldest ages, resulting in more 'excess deaths,' and this gap widened during the CO...

'3/14/2023 11:50:43 AM'

COVID-19 pandemic has long-lasting effects on adolescent mental health and substance use

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a long-lasting impact on adolescent mental health and substance use, according to a new population-based study based on survey responses from a sample of over 64,000 13- to 18-year-olds assessed prior to and up to two...

'3/14/2023 11:49:13 AM'

Global maternal Strep B vaccination program could save millions and prevent thousands of deaths worldwide

A global maternal immunization program for group B Streptococcus -- strep B -- would save millions in healthcare costs by reducing death and disability, but without tiered pricing, equitable access would likely not be achieved. Several vaccines ar...

'3/13/2023 5:51:01 PM'

Study sheds light on concerning new trend in drug advertising: Patient influencers

Pharmaceutical companies are increasingly partnering with real patients, or patient influencers, who share their experiences and advice on social media. A new study offers a first glimpse at why and how they do it.

'3/10/2023 11:08:02 AM'

Looking for risky viruses now to get ahead of future pandemics

Rather than let the next outbreak take the world by surprise, two virologists say that the scientific community should invest in a four-part research framework to proactively identify animal viruses that might infect humans.

'3/9/2023 5:13:36 AM'

What if California didn't close down during the pandemic?

Using a novel economic-epidemiological model, researchers examine the health and economic impacts that could have occurred if California took a 'business-as-usual' approach to the COVID-19 pandemic.

'3/9/2023 5:13:30 AM'

'All work, no independent play' cause of children's declining mental health

A new study suggests the rise in mental health disorders in children and teens is attributed to a decline over decades in opportunities for them to play, roam and engage in activities independent of direct oversight and control by adults. Although...

'3/8/2023 3:43:49 AM'

Researchers find rate of fatal opioid poisonings among children more than doubled over 13-year span

Researchers found opioids were responsible for more than half of all fatal poisonings in children ages 5 and younger, more than double the proportion of fatal poisonings caused by opioids in 2005. Additionally, over-the-counter drugs still contrib...

'2/28/2023 2:57:50 AM'

Experts demand fire safety policy change over health impact of widely used flame retardants

Leading environmental health experts have called for a comprehensive review of the UK's fire safety regulations, with a focus on the environmental and health risks of current chemical flame retardants.

'2/27/2023 8:24:53 AM'

To promote exercise, planners must look beyond cities

To encourage more active lifestyles, public health agencies recommend mixed-use neighborhoods and 'complete' streets that are friendlier to walkers and bikers, but new research finds that while those strategies increase physical activity, an urban...

'2/24/2023 8:50:44 AM'

The far-reaching consequences of child abuse

Adverse childhood experiences in mothers can affect their children's mental and physical health, as researchers report. The study found that maltreatment during a mother's childhood is associated with a higher risk of health problems such as asthm...

'2/22/2023 9:11:08 AM'

High infant mortality rates and global human population rise

New research showing high infant mortality rates are contributing to an incessant rise of the global human population supports arguments for greater access to contraception and family planning in low- and middle-income nations.

'2/22/2023 9:10:02 AM'

Diets rich in food from the ocean and freshwater sources can help address nutritional and environmental challenges

Blue foods -- those that come from the ocean or freshwater environments -- have tremendous potential to help address several global challenges. With careful implementation of policies that leverage these foods, nations could get a boost on efforts...

'2/21/2023 1:01:07 PM'

Paying family members for at-home medical care of their children found to be a viable answer to healthcare worker shortage

A recent study found that a Medicaid program in Colorado can help address the shortage of home healthcare workers for children with complex medical needs by offering family members certified nursing assistant (CNA) training and paying them for at-...

'2/21/2023 6:31:16 AM'

How can the metaverse improve public health?

The metaverse is a technological revolution in the field of virtual reality, with potential benefits to public health research. A new article proposes several new ways in which the metaverse can help us design, test, and experience health-promotin...

'2/21/2023 6:30:45 AM'

Heart disease deaths declining, but not for everyone

Fewer people are dying from cardiovascular disease in the U.S., according to new research. But rural counties and those with a higher percentage of Black residents consistently experienced higher rates of cardiovascular disease than urban and more...