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'4/22/2024 8:05:51 AM'

Social programs save millions of lives, especially in times of crisis

Primary health care, conditional cash transfers and social pensions have prevented 1.4 million deaths of all ages in Brazil over the past two decades, according to a new study. If expanded, these programs could avert an additional 1.3 million deat...

'4/17/2024 2:27:36 PM'

New data identifies trends in accidental opioid overdoses in children

The US saw a 22% decline in rates of prescription-opioid overdose related emergency department (ED) visits in children 17 and younger between 2008 and 2019, but an uptick in the early part of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a new study. The au...

'4/11/2024 9:03:22 AM'

Economic burden of childhood verbal abuse by adults estimated at $300 billion globally

Childhood verbal abuse by adults costs society an estimated $300 billion a year globally, show recent findings.

'4/8/2024 9:06:22 AM'

More premature babies born following Swedish parental leave policy

The introduction of a policy protecting parental leave benefits in Sweden in 1980 had unintended consequences on child health. The policy appears to have led to an increase in premature birth rates.

'4/4/2024 7:35:04 AM'

With the planet facing a 'polycrisis', biodiversity researchers uncover major knowledge gaps

Connecting the study of infectious disease spread, biodiversity loss and climate change could offer win-win-win solutions for planetary health, but a new analysis has uncovered almost no research integrating the three global crises.

'4/3/2024 6:48:04 PM'

Life expectancy increased as world addressed major killers including diarrhea, lower respiratory infections, and stroke

Global life expectancy increased by 6.2 years since 1990, according to a new study. Over the past three decades, reductions in death from leading killers fueled this progress, including diarrhea and lower respiratory infections, as well as stroke ...

'4/3/2024 9:05:37 AM'

Testing environmental water to monitor COVID-19 spread in unsheltered encampments

To better understand COVID-19's spread during the pandemic, public health officials expanded wastewater surveillance. These efforts track SARS-CoV-2 levels and health risks among most people, but they miss people who live without shelter, a popula...

'4/3/2024 9:05:26 AM'

Gunshots in American cities twice as likely at night, potentially disrupting sleep for those in earshot, study finds

Researchers studied six cities, finding that nighttime gunshots were particularly prevalent in low-income neighborhoods. The team found gunshots are twice as likely to occur at night, and that low-income communities are disproportionately affected...

'4/1/2024 3:04:30 PM'

Reducing late-night alcohol sales curbed all violent crimes by 23% annually in a Baltimore neighborhood

New study findings suggest that shortening overnight operations by seven hours at bars and taverns in a Baltimore, Md. neighborhood resulted in a 51 percent immediate drop in homicides within the first month, followed by a 23 percent decline in al...

'3/27/2024 8:46:13 AM'

More than one billion people around the globe are facing obesity

The prevalence of malnutrition across the globe was shared by the NCD Risk Factor Collaboration, a network of health scientists from around the world who provide and evaluate data on major risk factors for all countries, in collaboration with the ...

'3/26/2024 1:01:01 PM'

Job flexibility and security promotes better mental health among employees

A new study found that employed adults with greater job flexibility and higher job security were less likely to experience serious psychological distress or anxiety. Greater job flexibility and higher job security were also associated with fewer d...

'3/26/2024 6:38:55 AM'

New roadmap to prevent pandemics centers on protecting biodiversity

An international team of 25 scientists has proposed a roadmap for how to prevent the next pandemic by conserving natural areas and promoting biodiversity, thereby providing animals with enough food, safe havens and distance to limit contact and th...

'3/25/2024 1:24:28 PM'

Research identifies characteristics of cities that would support young people's mental health

As cities around the world continue to draw young people for work, education, and social opportunities, a new study identifies characteristics that would support young urban dwellers' mental health. The findings, based on survey responses from a g...

'3/25/2024 1:24:05 PM'

2 in 3 parents say their adolescent or teen worries about how sick days may impact grades

Many parents recognize increasing mental health concerns among children, reflected by the 1 in 5 who say they're open to allowing a child to take a mental health day.

'3/25/2024 7:42:01 AM'

Less obesity in 3- and 4-year-olds after the pandemic, Swedish study finds

The prevalence of overweight and obesity in the group of 3- and 4-year-olds in Sweden has decreased after the pandemic. The increase during the pandemic thus appears to have been temporary, according to a new study.

'3/22/2024 10:54:28 AM'

Most new doctors face some form of sexual harassment, even after #MeToo

More than half of all new doctors face some form of sexual harassment in their first year on the job, including nearly three-quarters of all new female doctors and a third of males, a new study finds. That's actually down somewhat from the percent...

'3/20/2024 8:11:55 PM'

Troubling trends in midlife mortality in the US and UK

A new study reveals that US working-age adults are dying at higher rates than their peers in high-income countries; the UK is also falling behind.

'3/20/2024 8:11:52 PM'

Millions are at risk using high arsenic water for cooking

Around 32 per cent of the world's population live in countries that do not adhere to the World Health Organization's recommendations on safe limits of arsenic in drinking water.

'3/20/2024 8:25:25 AM'

Low social status increases risk of health problems from alcohol problems

Men and women with lower income or education levels are more likely to develop medical conditions related to alcohol abuse compared to similar individuals with a higher socioeconomic status, according to a new study.

'3/20/2024 8:24:27 AM'

Rural and minority dementia patients face disparities in access to neurologists

A study of nearly 95,000 Washington state residents found that people living outside of urban areas as well as Native American and Hispanic people face longer travel distances to be seen by neurologists. The researchers said these disparities coul...

'3/20/2024 8:24:14 AM'

Powerful new AI can predict people's attitudes to vaccines

A powerful new tool in artificial intelligence is able to predict whether someone is willing to be vaccinated against COVID-19.

'3/18/2024 10:23:19 AM'

New technique helps AI tell when humans are lying

Researchers have developed a new training tool to help artificial intelligence (AI) programs better account for the fact that humans don't always tell the truth when providing personal information. The new tool was developed for use in contexts wh...

'3/18/2024 10:23:03 AM'

Laws that punish drug use during pregnancy likely lead to worse health outcomes for families, study finds

Contrary to some claims, laws that criminalize or otherwise punish drug use during pregnancy are more likely to worsen rather than improve health outcomes. The study is the first to systematically review the literature on punitive prenatal drug la...

'3/14/2024 8:22:11 AM'

How home food availability affects young children's nutrient intake

Early childhood is an important time for learning about nutrition and establishing healthy eating behaviors. Young children rely on parents to provide food options, and the availability of food in the home affects their dietary choices. A new stud...

'3/13/2024 9:55:51 AM'

Good news: The US maternal death rate is stable, not sky rocketing, as reported

A new study challenges the prevailing view on the maternal death rate in the United States. The findings show that the rates of maternal death were stable between 1999-2002 and 2018-2021, instead of the dramatic upward trends previously reported. ...

'3/13/2024 9:54:33 AM'

Federal housing programs protect residents from lead exposure

Americans already living in housing supported by federal housing assistance programs have significantly lower blood lead levels than counterparts who would later join these programs, according to new research.

'3/13/2024 9:54:31 AM'

Curbing coal-burning emissions translates to health gains for children

Research finds a nearly 40% decline in the annual average concentration of respirable particulate matter (PM2.5) in Krakow, Poland, between 2010 and 2019 following the implementation of clean air policies. Air quality improvements translated to su...

'3/12/2024 9:39:36 AM'

New study quantifies health impacts from oil and gas flaring in U.S.

A new study finds that pollution from oil and gas venting and flaring results in $7.4 billion in health damages, more than 700 premature deaths, and 73,000 asthma exacerbations among children annually. Researchers also conclude that emissions are ...

'3/12/2024 9:38:05 AM'

Climate policies to reduce motor vehicle emissions can improve children's health, save money

A new study finds that policies to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from motor vehicles combined with investments in electric vehicles and public transportation would reduce air pollution and bring large benefits to children's health. They wo...

'3/7/2024 6:40:59 AM'

The health impacts of migrating by sea

A new study of migrant drowning deaths in the Pacific Ocean lays the groundwork for future research.

'3/6/2024 10:07:04 AM'

More than half of American Indian youth may have abnormal or high cholesterol

More than 70% of American Indian young adults aged 20-39 and 50% of American Indian teens have cholesterol levels or elevated fat in the blood that put them at risk for cardiovascular disease, a new study suggests. In some cases, these levels -- s...

'3/6/2024 10:05:29 AM'

Psychosocial stressors linked to higher inflammation in Black pregnant women

Living in neighborhoods with more white residents and greater lifetime experiences of racial discrimination are linked to increased systemic inflammation during pregnancy among Black women, according to new research.

'3/4/2024 8:57:27 AM'

Firearm ownership is correlated with elevated lead levels in children, study finds

Childhood lead exposure, primarily from paint and water, is a significant health concern in the United States, but a new study has identified a surprising additional source of lead exposure that may disproportionately harm children: firearms. A te...

'2/26/2024 3:46:17 PM'

A new, comprehensive roadmap for the future of biomedical engineering

Experts published a detailed position paper on the field of biomedical engineering which lays the foundation for a concerted worldwide effort to achieve technological and medical breakthroughs.

'2/26/2024 6:46:13 AM'

Poison center calls for 'magic mushrooms' spiked after decriminalization, study finds

Calls to U.S. poison centers involving psilocybin, or 'magic mushrooms,' among adolescents and young adults rose sharply after several U.S. cities and states began decriminalizing the hallucinogen, researchers have found.

'2/22/2024 4:40:22 PM'

Ag economists offer food for thought to improve baby formula supply

Remember the 2022 baby formula crisis? The historic shortage of infant formula that year highlighted the precarious balance between regulation, competition and safety, according to a new study. The article takes a close look at the infant formula ...

'2/21/2024 11:03:51 AM'

Study of usefulness of lockdowns during epidemics identifies alternate solution

The COVID-19 pandemic raised questions about when and to what extent costly nonpharmaceutical interventions (e.g., lockdowns) should be used to slow the contagious spread of the virus. In a new study, researchers tackled that question with a dynam...

'2/21/2024 11:03:16 AM'

Maternal mental conditions drive climbing death rate in U.S., evidence review finds

Researchers culled years of data demonstrating that maternal mental illness is an under-recognized contributor to the death of new mothers. They are calling for urgent action to address this public health crisis.

'2/14/2024 10:02:49 AM'

Significantly fewer births on weekends and holidays than weekdays, data analysis of over 21 million births from 1979-2018 in Japan shows

Significantly more babies were born on a weekday instead of weekend day or holiday, reveals a large-scale analysis of 21 million births in Japan over almost four decades.

'2/8/2024 7:18:35 AM'

Lifting of federal funding ban tied to increase in gun violence research

The lifting of a two-decade drought in federal funding for firearm injury prevention research was strongly associated with an increase in both clinical trials and publications on gun violence, according to a new report.

'2/6/2024 1:35:02 PM'

Preterm births linked to 'hormone disruptor' chemicals may cost united states billions

Daily exposure to chemicals used in the manufacture of plastic food containers and many cosmetics may be tied to nearly 56,600 preterm births in the U.S. in 2018, a new study shows. The resulting medical costs, the authors of the report say, were ...

'2/6/2024 11:15:47 AM'

Many excess deaths attributed to natural causes are actually uncounted COVID-19 deaths, new analysis reveals

A new study provides the first concrete data showing that many of these excess deaths were indeed uncounted COVID-19 deaths. The study compared reported COVID-19 deaths to excess deaths due to non-COVID, natural causes, such as diseases and chroni...

'2/6/2024 9:50:07 AM'

How a city is organized can create less-biased citizens

A new study presents data and a mathematical model to explain why there is more unconscious, or implicit, racial bias in some cities than others. The study, which brings together the math of cities with the psychology of how individuals develop un...

'2/6/2024 9:49:39 AM'

Could artificial intelligence help or hurt scientific research articles?

Since its introduction to the public in 2022, ChatGPT, an artificial intelligence system, has substantially grown in use, creating written stories, graphics, art and more with just a short prompt from the user. But when it comes to scientific, pee...

'1/31/2024 9:45:36 AM'

Paper calls for patient-first regulation of AI in healthcare

A new paper describes how, despite widespread enthusiasm about artificial intelligence's potential to revolutionize healthcare and the use of AI-powered tools on millions of patients already, no federal regulations require that AI-powered tools be...

'1/31/2024 9:37:05 AM'

Pedestrian injuries from falls versus motor vehicle collisions: Are we lacking critical policy and interventions?

When comparing the national burden of pedestrian injuries from motor vehicles to that of pedestrian falls occurring on streets and sidewalks researchers found that the probability of a pedestrian suffering a severe injury is higher for motor vehic...

'1/29/2024 1:24:21 PM'

People are inclined to hide a contagious illness while around others, research shows

A startling number of people conceal an infectious illness to avoid missing work, travel, or social events, new research suggests.

'1/29/2024 7:24:18 AM'

Asthma rates climb for high school students as cannabis use increases

Asthma is more common among high school students who use cannabis, relative to those who do not and the prevalence of asthma increases with the frequency of its use among the students, according to a new study.

'1/25/2024 7:18:32 PM'

West Nile virus emergence and spread in Europe found to be positively associated with agricultural activities

The spread of West Nile virus in Europe is strongly linked to agricultural activities, urbanization, and bird migration, according to new research.

'1/24/2024 11:45:31 AM'

Obesity spiked in children during COVID-19 lockdowns -- only the youngest bounced back

Obesity among primary school children in the UK spiked during the COVID-19 lockdown, with a 45% increase between 2019/20 and 2020/21 among 4-5-year-olds, according to a new study. The authors estimated that without reversals, increased obesity rat...

'1/24/2024 11:45:27 AM'

Risk of death during heatwaves in Brazil linked to socioeconomic factors

A new study suggests that heatwaves are exacerbating socioeconomic inequalities in Brazil, with people who are female, elderly, Black, Brown, or who have lower educational levels potentially facing greater risk of death during heatwaves.

'1/17/2024 9:37:48 AM'

US air pollution rates on the decline but pockets of inequities remain

Our latest study shows there are racial/ethnic and socioeconomic disparities in air pollution emissions reductions, particularly in the industry and energy generation sectors. The findings provide a national investigation of air pollution emission...

'1/17/2024 9:36:30 AM'

Higher infant mortality rates associated with restrictive abortion laws, study finds

New research provides evidence that U.S. states with the most restrictive abortion laws saw 16 percent more infant deaths in 2014-2018 than in states offering access to comprehensive reproductive healthcare.

'1/14/2024 6:36:49 AM'

Few older adults use direct-to-consumer health services; Many who do don't tell their regular provider

A new poll finds that 1 in 10 people aged 50-64 have used direct-to-consumer services, and most have gotten prescriptions from them; 4 in 10 people in this age group may be interested in future use.

'1/13/2024 9:21:44 AM'

Wastewater surveillance is key tool in keeping schools open during public health emergencies, study reveals

Wastewater surveillance is a potent tool in understanding COVID-19 transmission within school settings and keeping schools open when COVID cases spike, according to a new study.

'1/12/2024 6:47:24 AM'

Want safer prescribing? Provide doctors with a plan for helping patients in pain

Physicians who are notified that a patient has died of a drug overdose are more judicious in issuing controlled substances if the notification includes a plan for what to do during subsequent patient visits, according to a new study.

'1/12/2024 6:47:19 AM'

Nutritional acquired immunodeficiency (N-AIDS) is the leading driver of the tuberculosis pandemic

Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading infectious killer worldwide, with 10.6 million cases and 1.6 million deaths in 2021 alone. One in five incident TB cases were attributable to malnutrition, more than double the number attributed to HIV/AIDS. Like H...

'1/11/2024 6:31:17 AM'

U.S. health costs related to chemicals in plastics reached $250 billion in 2018

Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) in plastics pose a serious threat to public health and cost the U.S. an estimated $250 billion in increased health care costs in 2018, according to new research.

'1/9/2024 7:10:56 AM'

War on superbugs can't be won, researchers declare

From a wartime spread of antimicrobial resistant disease in Ukraine, to superbugs in China causing 'white lung' pneumonia in children, 2023 brought no shortage of new evidence that antimicrobial resistance (AMR) continues to be a pressing problem ...

'1/8/2024 1:56:13 PM'

Diagnostic errors are common in seriously ill hospitalized adults, study shows

A study of seriously ill patients from academic medical centers across the country has found that nearly a quarter had a delayed or missed diagnosis.