'5/25/2023 10:14:03 AM'

Words matter: How researchers can avoid stigmatizing language

New research offers insights into how researchers can use their platforms to help end the use of stigmatizing language.

'5/11/2023 12:45:53 PM'

Better than humans: Artificial intelligence in intensive care units

With the help of extensive data from intensive care units of various hospitals, an artificial intelligence was developed that provides suggestions for the treatment of people who require intensive care due to sepsis. Analyses show that artificial ...

'4/25/2023 7:11:40 AM'

Global research reveals countries where record-breaking heatwaves are likely to cause most harm

A new study has highlighted under-prepared regions across the world most at risk of the devastating effects of scorching temperatures.

'4/19/2023 8:50:54 AM'

Why this bird flu is different: Scientists say new avian influenza requires urgent coordinated response

A new study tracks arrival and spread of highly pathogenic Avian Influenza (H5N1) decimating wild birds, impacting poultry and pushing up egg prices. The team found that the deadly impact on wild birds and a shift from seasonal to year-round infec...

'4/7/2023 5:42:43 AM'

Internet access must become human right or we risk ever-widening inequality

People around the globe are so dependent on the internet to exercise socio-economic human rights such as education, healthcare, work, and housing that online access must now be considered a basic human right, a new study reveals.

'3/30/2023 1:21:37 PM'

Study finds excess harm from commonly overprescribed antibiotics for patients resulting in widespread side effects

A new study finds that overprescribing and inappropriate prescribing of antibiotics is not only leading to antibiotic resistance, but also causing significant patient harm. It's one of the most comprehensive studies to document the impact of antib...

'3/30/2023 6:23:29 AM'

Drug overdose fatalities among U.S. older adults has quadrupled over 20 years, research finds

Overdose mortality among people age 65 and older quadrupled over 20 years, suggesting the need for greater mental health and substance use disorder policies addressed at curbing the trend.

'3/30/2023 6:22:26 AM'

Excess death gap widens between U.S. and Europe, study finds

A new analysis shows that, compared to similarly high-income European countries, the United States continues to have substantially higher death rates at all but the oldest ages, resulting in more 'excess deaths,' and this gap widened during the CO...

'3/14/2023 11:50:43 AM'

COVID-19 pandemic has long-lasting effects on adolescent mental health and substance use

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a long-lasting impact on adolescent mental health and substance use, according to a new population-based study based on survey responses from a sample of over 64,000 13- to 18-year-olds assessed prior to and up to two...

'3/14/2023 11:49:13 AM'

Global maternal Strep B vaccination program could save millions and prevent thousands of deaths worldwide

A global maternal immunization program for group B Streptococcus -- strep B -- would save millions in healthcare costs by reducing death and disability, but without tiered pricing, equitable access would likely not be achieved. Several vaccines ar...

'3/13/2023 5:51:01 PM'

Study sheds light on concerning new trend in drug advertising: Patient influencers

Pharmaceutical companies are increasingly partnering with real patients, or patient influencers, who share their experiences and advice on social media. A new study offers a first glimpse at why and how they do it.

'3/10/2023 11:08:02 AM'

Looking for risky viruses now to get ahead of future pandemics

Rather than let the next outbreak take the world by surprise, two virologists say that the scientific community should invest in a four-part research framework to proactively identify animal viruses that might infect humans.

'3/9/2023 5:13:36 AM'

What if California didn't close down during the pandemic?

Using a novel economic-epidemiological model, researchers examine the health and economic impacts that could have occurred if California took a 'business-as-usual' approach to the COVID-19 pandemic.

'3/9/2023 5:13:30 AM'

'All work, no independent play' cause of children's declining mental health

A new study suggests the rise in mental health disorders in children and teens is attributed to a decline over decades in opportunities for them to play, roam and engage in activities independent of direct oversight and control by adults. Although...

'3/8/2023 3:43:49 AM'

Researchers find rate of fatal opioid poisonings among children more than doubled over 13-year span

Researchers found opioids were responsible for more than half of all fatal poisonings in children ages 5 and younger, more than double the proportion of fatal poisonings caused by opioids in 2005. Additionally, over-the-counter drugs still contrib...

'2/28/2023 2:57:50 AM'

Experts demand fire safety policy change over health impact of widely used flame retardants

Leading environmental health experts have called for a comprehensive review of the UK's fire safety regulations, with a focus on the environmental and health risks of current chemical flame retardants.

'2/27/2023 8:24:53 AM'

To promote exercise, planners must look beyond cities

To encourage more active lifestyles, public health agencies recommend mixed-use neighborhoods and 'complete' streets that are friendlier to walkers and bikers, but new research finds that while those strategies increase physical activity, an urban...

'2/24/2023 8:50:44 AM'

The far-reaching consequences of child abuse

Adverse childhood experiences in mothers can affect their children's mental and physical health, as researchers report. The study found that maltreatment during a mother's childhood is associated with a higher risk of health problems such as asthm...

'2/22/2023 9:11:08 AM'

High infant mortality rates and global human population rise

New research showing high infant mortality rates are contributing to an incessant rise of the global human population supports arguments for greater access to contraception and family planning in low- and middle-income nations.

'2/22/2023 9:10:02 AM'

Diets rich in food from the ocean and freshwater sources can help address nutritional and environmental challenges

Blue foods -- those that come from the ocean or freshwater environments -- have tremendous potential to help address several global challenges. With careful implementation of policies that leverage these foods, nations could get a boost on efforts...

'2/21/2023 1:01:07 PM'

Paying family members for at-home medical care of their children found to be a viable answer to healthcare worker shortage

A recent study found that a Medicaid program in Colorado can help address the shortage of home healthcare workers for children with complex medical needs by offering family members certified nursing assistant (CNA) training and paying them for at-...

'2/21/2023 6:31:16 AM'

How can the metaverse improve public health?

The metaverse is a technological revolution in the field of virtual reality, with potential benefits to public health research. A new article proposes several new ways in which the metaverse can help us design, test, and experience health-promotin...

'2/21/2023 6:30:45 AM'

Heart disease deaths declining, but not for everyone

Fewer people are dying from cardiovascular disease in the U.S., according to new research. But rural counties and those with a higher percentage of Black residents consistently experienced higher rates of cardiovascular disease than urban and more...

'2/16/2023 12:22:37 PM'

NIH RECOVER research identifies potential long COVID disparities

Black and Hispanic Americans appear to experience more symptoms and health problems related to long COVID, a lay term that captures an array of symptoms and health problems, than white people, but are not as likely to be diagnosed with the conditi...

'2/16/2023 11:11:57 AM'

U.S. unprepared for dangers posed by zoonotic diseases, new analysis concludes

The United States, the largest importer of wildlife in the world, is not prepared for future spread of animal-borne, or zoonotic, diseases due to gaps among governmental agencies designed to combat these threats, concludes a new analysis.

'2/5/2023 3:12:59 AM'

Life in a violent country can be years shorter and much less predictable -- even for those not involved in conflict

How long people live is less predictable and life expectancy for young people can be as much as 14 years shorter in violent countries, compared to peaceful countries, according to a new study. It reveals a direct link between the uncertainty of li...

'2/2/2023 10:35:49 AM'

Study links adoption of electric vehicles with less air pollution and improved health

A team of researchers have now begun to document the actual impact of electric vehicle adoption in the first study to use real-world data to link electric cars, air pollution and health. Leveraging publicly available datasets, the researchers anal...

'2/1/2023 2:54:33 PM'

Study finds new association between social isolation and dementia risk factors

Researchers used data on more than half a million people in the UK and Canada to discover a link between social capital and indicators of Alzheimer's disease-related dementia.

'2/1/2023 3:43:55 AM'

Genomic methods aid study of Seattle 2017-2022 Shigella outbreak

A genomic study of a sustained, multidrug-resistant Shigellosis outbreak in Seattle from 2017 to 2022 enabled scientists to retrace its origin and spread. Additional analysis of the gut pathogen and its transmission patterns helped direct approach...

'2/1/2023 3:43:47 AM'

Racial disparities in childhood adversity linked to brain structural differences in U.S. children

A new study used MRI and survey data to identify structural differences in regions of the brain linked to threat processing in 9- and 10-year-olds that the researchers linked to disparities in childhood adversity exposure as a result of structural...

'1/26/2023 11:19:35 AM'

UK soft drink taxes associated with decreased obesity in girls, study finds

A study tracking childhood obesity in England from 2014-2020 found an 8-percent reduction in obesity among 10- to 11-year-old girls coinciding with 2018 soft drinks industry levy.

'1/18/2023 4:20:33 AM'

Scientists re-writes an equation in FDA guidance to improve the accuracy of the drug interaction prediction

A team of mathematicians and pharmaceutical scientists collaborated to identify the major cause of the low accuracy of the equation in the FDA guidance used to predict drug-drug interaction through an enzyme (cytochrome P450, CYP) induction mediat...

'1/13/2023 6:27:33 AM'

Support from others in stressful times can ease impact of genetic depression risk, study suggests

Reaching out to support a person when they're under stress is always a good idea. But a new study suggests that support could be especially important for someone whose genetic makeup makes them more likely to develop depression. The study shows th...

'1/12/2023 4:09:33 AM'

Falling birth rate in US not due to less desire to have children

While some people are concerned about America's falling birth rate, a new study suggests young people don't need to be convinced to have more children. In fact, young Americans haven't changed the number of children they intend to have in decades.

'1/10/2023 5:34:53 AM'

What if sodium in packaged foods was reduced for an entire continent?

Reformulating packaged foods available in Australia to contain less sodium may save about 1,700 lives per year, according to a new study. Using the World Health Organization's (WHO) recommendations for reducing the population's sodium intake, the ...

'1/5/2023 5:43:31 AM'

Why technology alone can't solve the digital divide

For some communities, the digital divide remains even after they have access to computers and fast internet, new research shows. A study of the Bhutanese refugee community in Columbus found that even though more than 95% of the population had acce...

'1/4/2023 10:42:45 AM'

Climate risk insurance can effectively mitigate economic losses

Global warming is expected to lead to an accumulation of particularly intense hurricanes in the United States. This may substantially increase the economic losses caused by these storms. Better insurance could effectively mitigate the climate chan...

'1/2/2023 6:45:36 AM'

COVID-19 vaccines, prior infection reduce transmission of Omicron

Vaccination and boosting, especially when recent, helped to limit the spread of COVID-19 in California prisons during the first Omicron wave, according to an analysis that examined transmission between people living in the same cell.

'12/22/2022 7:30:47 AM'

In some U.S. zip codes, young men face more risk of firearm death than those deployed in recent wars, study finds

A new study puts the risk of firearm-related death in perspective and calls attention to the urgent need for violence reduction interventions in the United States.

'12/20/2022 6:30:05 AM'

Heat and cold as health hazards

Both hot and cold environments trigger a stress response in the human body and can lead to cardiovascular problems. Physiologists have recently investigated both factors in scientific studies. The results are especially interesting in light of the...

'12/15/2022 7:07:50 AM'

Relatively few hospital NICUs screen for social determinants of health, study finds

In what is believed to be the first study to examine the prevalence of standardized social determinants of health (SDH) screening and referral among a nationally representative sample of level 2 to 4 neonatal NICUs in the U.S., researchers found o...

'12/15/2022 5:46:59 AM'

Detrimental secondary health effects after disasters and pandemics

A study has shown that the prevalence of non-communicable diseases, which included hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, and mental disorders, increased after the Fukushima disaster and the COVID-19 outbreak. These findings emphasize the importa...

'12/14/2022 1:07:20 PM'

U.S. firearm death trends revealed over four decades

A new analysis of firearm death rates from 1981 to 2020 shows that the people most heavily impacted by firearm deaths were Black men and white men, and that rates of firearm-related homicides and suicides jumped between 2019 and 2020.

'12/13/2022 1:07:17 PM'

Racism takes its toll on brain and body

Structural racism has not only psychosocial but also biological consequences. Discrimination has been shown to contribute to mental and physical disorders including obesity, depression, and addiction, but the biological pathways from a social expe...

'12/13/2022 7:12:00 AM'

Dietary education leads to healthier lives, study finds

Initial data from a clinical research study aimed at increasing diet quality and decreasing cardiovascular risk shows positive results. The study, called Supermarket and Web-Based Intervention Targeting Nutrition (SuperWIN), was a randomized, cont...

'12/12/2022 9:06:58 AM'

Uptick in prevalence of simultaneous cannabis and alcohol use in the U.S. after states legalize recreational cannabis use

Simultaneous cannabis and alcohol use, defined as using both substances at the same time so their effects overlap, increased in adults from 2008 to 2019, according to new research. Shifts in cannabis legislation have raised questions about uninten...

'12/6/2022 3:31:26 AM'

Decrease in Japanese children's ability to balance during movement related to COVID-19 activity restrictions

Sedentary behavior caused by measures to prevent the spread of COVID-19 decreased Japanese children's ability to balance.

'12/5/2022 7:15:56 AM'

Financial incentives boost weight-loss programs, study finds

Paying cash to people with obesity for losing a specific amount of weight or completing weight-reducing activities works better than offering stand-alone free tools, such as weight-loss programs, diet books, and wearable fitness trackers, a new st...

'12/2/2022 7:48:30 AM'

Pregnant moms' stress may accelerate cell aging of white, not Black, kids, study finds

Does stress during pregnancy impact children's cell aging, and does race matter? The answer is yes, according to a new study.

'12/1/2022 9:19:16 AM'

Managers exhibiting bias based on race, gender, disability and sexual orientation

A study that examined bias in the workplace has found that those in management positions demonstrate explicit and implicit bias toward others from marginalized groups and often express more implicit bias than people who are not in management.

'11/30/2022 6:45:39 AM'

Tropical cyclones on the rise in low- and middle- income countries yet remain least studied of climate-related events

A new article illustrates the increases in adverse public health outcomes following tropical cyclones, especially in communities with existing health conditions. The paper explains that the focus should be on low- and middle-income countries (LMIC...

'11/29/2022 8:44:10 AM'

New study finds deaths from firearms are reaching unprecedented levels

Firearm-related violence and suicides have been on the rise since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, but a new study shows both the sheer magnitude of firearm fatalities in the U.S. over the past 32 years and the growing disparities by race/ethni...

'11/29/2022 6:28:45 AM'

Pregnant women's cannabis usage in legalized U.S. states raises calls for screening

Pregnant women living in U.S. states where cannabis is legal must be screened for the drug, for the health of both mother and baby, claim scientists who in a new national study have found that they are far more likely to use the substance.

'11/28/2022 3:17:37 PM'

Young people make up greater proportion of COVID-19 deaths in 2021 compared to 2020

Since March 2020, COVID-19-related deaths claimed over a million lives in the U.S. alone. In the pandemic's early phases, most deaths were among older adults, but in 2021, deaths in younger persons increased while deaths in older persons decreased...

'11/28/2022 11:21:39 AM'

COVID lockdown did not lead to a rush on opioid prescriptions, New York study finds

While some feared that New Yorkers would re-fill prescriptions to stockpile opioid medications in the early weeks of the COVID-19 lockdown, New York State opioid prescriptions declined in the period around the March 20, 2020 'PAUSE' order, accordi...

'11/28/2022 6:29:53 AM'

Organ donations, transplants increase on days of largest motorcycle rallies, study shows

An analysis shows steep increases in organ donations and transplantations during large motorcycle rallies. The increase appears to be driven by well-documented increases in crash-related deaths during large motorcycle rallies. Researchers say that...

'11/28/2022 5:12:08 AM'

Legalization of recreational cannabis linked with increased alcohol drinking, study finds

States that legalized recreational cannabis saw a slight population-level uptick in alcohol consumption that was largely driven by young adults and men, according to new research.

'11/23/2022 2:34:12 PM'

Most people with long COVID face stigma and discrimination, UK study finds

The majority of people living with long COVID experience some form of stigma directly related to their condition, according to a new study in the United Kingdom.

'11/23/2022 6:42:01 AM'

Pandemic fatigue fueled political mistrust and conspiracy beliefs across Europe and the United States, study finds

In a new study, researchers find a significant societal impact of the pandemic beyond the domain of health and raise concerns about the ability of democratic societies to cope with future crises such as the climate crisis.

'11/23/2022 6:33:00 AM'

What was the true human cost of the pandemic in Russia?

A new study assesses the number of lives lost to the COVID-19 pandemic in Russia and introduces a novel methodology that will help to get a clearer view of pandemics in the future.